Birds, Butterflies & Associate Plants of AJC bose Indian Botanic Garden
Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose Indian Botanic Garden (erstwhile East India Company Bagan, Royal Botanic Garden, Calcutta or Indian Botanic Garden) was established by Lieutenant Colonel Robert Kyd in 1787. A riot of colour and greenery, the 273 acre site is a delight to the senses and celebrates its quasi bicentenary (225 years) in 2012, under the patronage of Botanical Survey of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests, New Delhi. This garden is the largest and oldest of its kind in South East Asia and has been playing very important role as a repository for native and exotic plants and a large number of curious, rare and endangered species. Rich collections of bamboos, screw pines, palms, jasmines, bougainvilleas, legumes, water lilies, orchids, etc. are some of the possession of this garden. It has over 14,000 trees, shrubs and climbers belonging to 1400 species together with numerous herbaceous plants, including many interesting one having single mature representative in India are conserved in each of the 25 designated divisions, glass houses and conservatories. There are 24 lakes in the garden which are interconnected with underground pipes and connected with the river through sluice gates for the regular inlet and outlet of water.
Though the garden is renowned for its floral diversity, yet there are other denizens which prevail here like birds, butterflies, insects, reptiles amphibians and a few mammals.
Birds and butterflies are mostly dependant on trees, shrubs, herbs and climbers, while birds prefers fruiting trees like Banyan, Peepal, Fig, Wild Berry etc. Butterflies are mostly dependant on shrubs, herbs, flowers and grasses. Thus the A.J.C. Bose Indian Botanic Garden has become a hotspot for bird watchers as well as butterfly lovers.
This book aims at the bird and butterfly diversity and their dependence on different plants. This book includes 83 birds, 54 butterflies & 48 associate plants. It will help bird and butterfly watchers as well as researchers to identify different species of birds and butterflies and their associated host plants.