Mangrove Species in Sundarban
         
 LOCAL NAME                                                  SCIENTIFIC NAME
Hargoja Acanthus ilicifolius
Khalsi Aegiceras corniculatum
Tora Aegialitis  rotundifolia
Kalo Baine Avicennia alba
Peara Baine Avicennia marina
Jat Baine Avicennia officinalis
Son Champa Bruguiera cylindrica
Kankra Bruguiera gymnorrhiza
Bakul Kankra/ Bakul/Champa Bruguiera parviflora
Jhamti Garan/ Jele Garan Ceriops decundra
Jat Garan Ceriops tagal
Bon Jui Clerodendron inermae
Baro Manda Dendrophthoe falcata
Genwa Excoecaria  agallocha
Kalak Kambing Finlaysonia obovata
Sundari Heritiera fomes
Hoya Hoya parasitica
Goria Kandelia candel
Kripa/ Kripal Lumnitzera racemose
Gol Pata Nypa fruiticans
Hental Phoenix paludosa
Karanja Pongamia pinnata
Dhani Ghas Porteresia  coarctata
Garjan Rhizophora apiculata
Tak Keora Sonneratia  apetala
Garjan/ Bhara Rhizophora mucronate
Ora/ Chak Keora Sonneratia caseolaris
Habol/Habli/ Paras Pipal Thespesia popul
Manda Viscum orientale
Dhundul Xylocarpus granatum
Pashur Xylocarpus mekongensis

 

 

Sonneratia caseolaris

Bruguiera gymnorhhiza

Stilt roots

Heritiera fomes

Pneumatophore

Nypa

Perforated bark

 

 

Phenology of Dominant  Mangroves of Sundarban

 Kalo Baine ( Avicennia alba )

Fruit : greyish green capsule of about 1 inch in length, contains one seed

Fruiting time : September – December

Avicennia alba

Peara Baine ( Avicennia marina )

Fruit : Greyish green capsule , about I inch in length. One seed.

Fruiting time : August – September

Avicennia marina

Jhamti Garan ( Ceriops decandra )

Fruit :Viviparous with thin, long, hypocotyls

Fruiting time : July – August

Jat Garan ( Ceriops tagal )

Fruit : Viviparous with thin, long hypocotyls

Fruiting time : July – August

Ora / Chak Keora ( Sonneratia caseolaris )

Fruit : spherical berry with numerous seeds

Fruiting time : August – October

Sonneratia caseolaris

Gol Pata ( Nypa fruitcans )

Fruit : Large fruiting head

Fruiting time : March- April

Nypa

Geoa ( Excoecaria  agallocha )

Fruiting time :June – September

Excoecaria agallocha

Khalsi ( Aegiceras corniculatum )

Fruit : Curved, viviparous. Pericarp splits vertically

Fruiting time : July – September

Aegiceras corniculatum

Sundari ( Heritiera fomes)

Fruit : Large, spherical, corky, leathery. Splits into 4 when dry

Fruiting time : August- September

Heritiera fomes

Pasur ( Xylocarpus mekongensis )

Fruit :Large, spherical, corky, leathery, splits into 4 when dry.

Fruiting time : July – September

Xylocarpus mekongensis

Dhundul ( Xylocarpus granatum )

Fruit : Large ,spherical , corky , leathery, Splits into 4 when dry.

Fruiting time : August

 

Tak Keora ( Sonneratia apetala )

Fruit : Spherical berry with numerous seeds

Fruiting time : August- September

 

Kankra ( Bruguiera gymnarrhiza )

Fruiting time : June – September

Bruguiera gymnarrhiza

Garjan ( Rhizophora apiculate )

Fruit : Green or brown viviparous fruits, contains one seed

Fruiting time : March- April and again in August- September