Restoration of mangroves in Sundarban through afforestation, integrated mangrove-shrimp farming, income generation and community participation
The MANGROVES-Project encompasses the rehabilitation and restoration of up to 30 ha of mangroves in Sundarban area of West Bengal (India). As first site of mangrove plantation a newly formed mudflat in Lakshmipur village of Madhusudanpur G.P., Kakdwip Block and as second site ‘Buraburir Tot’ of G Plot G.P. Patharpratima block are chosen for mangrove plantation. Community participation is considered as the key point for implementation of this component of the said project. Integrated mangrove aquaculture (IMA) is targeted as a pilot scale study for the first time in Indian Sundarban. Through this approach an eco-friendly and resilient methodology of aquaculture is practiced by the fish farmers aiming at the improvement of livelihood status and income generation. Apis Dorsata is responsible for generation of wild honey in Indian Sundarban. A honey processing unit for processing of wild honey is proposed under this project. Packaging and marketing of the same through the mobilization of the marginalized beneficiaries (honey collectors) is considered as an integral component for the augmentation of income of the local communities of Sundarban. Enhancement of supplementary livelihood options through capacity building, training and awareness is also considered as an important scope of this project.